Evidence review of food safety behaviours in the home
The study draws on existing evidence and interviews with experts in the field to explore what is already known about food safety in the home, how this topic has been explored in the past and where there are gaps in the evidence base. The available evidence indicated:
A number of areas where people are not following good food safety practice including avoiding cross contamination, chilling foods properly and using food safety labelling appropriately;
That the relationship between knowledge and behaviour was influenced by perceptions of risk and optimism bias (people believe they are not vulnerable to food poisoning);
Some key gaps in the existing evidence base including information on vulnerable groups, the extent to which vulnerable groups receive information about food safety risks and understanding actual (as opposed to self reported) behaviour.
The research highlighted the need for interventions to:
Be appropriately targeted;
Consider the use of social marketing techniques;
Recommend that advice is given via healthcare professionals for immunocompromised individuals.