The work was completed in collaboration with University of Cambridge and University of Surrey.

Prospective Hazard Analysis (PHA) approaches are standard practice in many high hazard industries, including aerospace and nuclear power. However, PHA has had little use in healthcare where it represents a new way to think about risk assessment and safety.

In contrast to the current, dominant, reactive approach of learning from past errors, it is both proactive and predictive. The approach demands a different mind-set and organisational culture relating to risk.

The objectives of the research project were to: